The holy grail of photoshop CS6 study guides

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Last year my friends had sent me this powerpoint study guide  in hopes that they would pass CIW certification for Photoshop CS6 and so that future students could have the same opportunity as well, although I’m not sure how much this test has changed over the course of time but I am posting this in hopes that my classmates and any of my followers (future students too) get the most out of this study guide. It’s really useful for those of you students stressing to pass. Good luck to you all.

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Remember that just a few clicks can make or break this exam! Be very cautious when demonstrating the abilities that you’ve learned.

Our thanks and source creds to an awesome teacher named Mr. Buck.

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UI UX and Trending Designs

For anyone whose looking to be a future Designer/Developer it’s good to be on top of what’s trending to be a trendsetter in a world where schemes looks and feels of a sites functionality constantly change, Keeping in mind that simplicity is Key.

 

 

Learning what UI vs what UX means and how functionality works further down is important. UI stands for User interface and the way a website looks and feels, UX makes sure to give the user the full best friendly experience on any version of their websites and focuses on a websites mobility in general.

UX and UI the difference.

UX Design refers to the term User Experience Design, while UI Design stands for User Interface Design. Both elements are crucial to a product and work closely together. But despite their professional relationship, the roles themselves are quite different, referring to very different parts of the process and the design discipline. Where UX Design is a more analytical and technical field, UI Design is closer to what we refer to as graphic design, though the responsibilities are somewhat more complex. An example of this would be to imagine a product as the human body, the bones represent the code which give it structure. The organs represent the UX design: measuring and optimizing against input for supporting life functions. And UI design represents the cosmetics of the body–its presentation, its senses and reactions.

 

now that we know the different between user experience and here user interface let’s get down to designs, Here are 6 designs that have been and are currently appealing to clients in all any business. (Original Source and article from awwwards).

1. The Proliferation of UI Patterns

Learning UI is going to be an essential for web designers,

one of the side effects of responsive design has made a lot of sites look similar. However, responsive design isn’t solely to blame. The rise of WordPress sites and the booming theme market also have a hand in it.

And some folks, such as Matthew Monbre, have copped to being guilty of following everyone else’s look with his company’s site.

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Photo credit: Cypress North

But having a similar look isn’t necessarily a bad thing. That’s because we’ve changed the way we consume the web, which has resulted in a lot of common UI design patterns. Design patterns have matured and as such, there’s little in the way of innovation when it comes to UI patterns.

In other words, a checkout will still be a checkout and should function as such. Same with a login model. There’s no real reason to reinvent the wheel. UI patterns must guide users through a smooth experience.

Here’s a few patterns you should be familiar with:

    1. The hamburger menu: While some criticize this pattern’s use, there’s no doubt that it’s widespread use makes the function easily recognizable for users.

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Photo credit:Silenza via awwwards

    1. Account registration: You’ll find this pattern whenever you try to register for a site. There might be a form to fill out or a button that’ll allow you to use a social account to sign up. Multi-step form wizards are also effective since they “chunk out” the required fields, reducing friction and encouraging users to flow through the process.

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Photo credit Typeform

    1. Long scroll: Placing all your important elements above the fold is now a well-known myth. Furthermore, almost everyone is accustomed to long scrolls thanks to mobile devices. The technique works especially well for sites that want to lure users through storytelling, and you can still mimic a multi-page site by breaking the scroll into clear sections.

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Photo credit: Vimeo

    1. Card Layouts: Pioneered by Pinterest, cards are everywhere on the web because they present information in bite-sized chunks perfect for scanning. Each card represents one unified concept. Since they act as “content containers”, their rectangular shape makes them easier to re-arrange for different device breakpoints.

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Photo credit: TheNextWeb

  1. Hero images: Since vision is the strongest human sense, HD hero images are one of the fastest ways to grab a user’s attention. Thanks to advances in bandwidth and data compression, users won’t suffer from slow load times either. One common layout you’ll find is a hero image above the scroll, followed by either zig-zagging sections or a cards-based arrangement.

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Photo credit: Maaemo

For more UI patterns and techniques, check out the free e-book Web Design Trends 2015 and 2016.

2. Rich Animations

Animations are being used more and more to enhance a site’s storytelling, making the experience more interactive and entertaining.

However, you can’t just stick animation in anywhere. Consider carefully whether it adds to your site’s story elements and personality. Animations can be thought of in terms of two groups:

  1. Large scale animations. These are used as a primary interaction tool have more impact on users and include effects like parallax scrolling and pop-up notifications.
  2. Small scale animations. These include spinners, hover tools and loading bars, and don’t require any user input.

We’ll describe 7 of the most popular animation techniques:

    • Loading animations

These are used to entertain users and delight users during an otherwise tedious experience. Loading animations tend to be popular for flat design, minimalism, portfolios and one-page sites.

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Slack via Lauren Tan

Keep them simple and avoid adding sound. They should however match your site’s personality and color palette.

    • Navigation and menus (nonscrolling)

Hidden navigation menus have become increasingly popular, especially as they can be used to save screen space. As you can see in the example below created in the collaborative prototyping tool UXPin, these use animations to reveal a menu when clicking on a specific button and prevent a jarring transition (like a navigation drawer hidden behind a hamburger icon).

    • Hover animations

Hover effects give a more intuitive feel to a site as users mouse over content. Users unsure about a feature’s function tend to hover over them automatically for instant visual feedback.

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Photo credit: Humaan

    • Galleries and slideshows

Galleries and slideshows are an effective way to showcase multiple images without overburdening the users. These are great for photography sites, product showcases, and portfolios.

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Photo credit: Born Fighter via awwwards

    • Motion animation

Our eyes are naturally drawn to motion, which makes it the perfect tool for drawing a user’s attention. Motion can also help with visual hierarchy. This can help to add interest and intrigue to forms, CTAs and menu items.

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Photo credit: Bugaboo via awwwards

    • Scrolling

Smooth scrolling relies on animation and gives further control to the user, who can determine the pace of how the animation unfolds.

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Photo credit: Squarespace

    • Background animations/ videos

A simple animated background can add visibility to a site, but should be used in moderation or it can be very distracting to the user. The key is to work on individual sections or create a gentle movement of an entire image.

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Photo credit: Dunckelfeld

3. Microinteractions

Microinteractions happen all around us, from turning off the alarm on your mobile phone to liking that cat picture on Facebook.

Each one done without a second thought. It’s likely that you started your day with a micro-interaction. By turning off the alarm on your mobile phone, you engaged with a user interface in a single moment. And more and more of these are baked into the apps and devices we use.

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Photo credit: Slack

Micro-interactions tend to do, or help you do, several different things:

  1. Communicate a status or bit of feedback
  2. See the result of an action
  3. Help the user manipulate something

Micro-interactions are a vital part of any app.

As recommended in Web Design Trends 2015 and 2016, you’ll want to ensure that these interactions happen almost invisibly. Don’t go overboard and keep it simple. Consider each detail with care, and make each interaction feel human. That is make text conversational and not robotic.

Micro-interactions are an important part of almost every digital design project. You’ll be hard-pressed to design a website or mobile app that does not include some element, or moment, that a user needs to interact with.

Each of these interaction types lead users to a path of more human-centered design. This concept of making devices more human-like in their moments is a key to adoption and usability.

4. Material Design: A Richer Alternative to Flat Design

Last year, Google launched its new style language, Material Design. It uses shadow effects and the concepts of movement and depth in order to create designs that appear more realistic to the user.

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Photo Credit: Google Now

The goal of Material Design is to create clean, modernistic design that focus on UX. While Google’s design aesthetic has detractors, it’s been mostly praised as a game-changer.

With its minimalistic look, Material Design has a lot in common with another growing trend — flat design. Material Design, however, makes use of depth and shadow, which allows for more depth than pure flat design.

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Photo credit: Angular

Before now, we’ve seen the majority of Material Design projects limited to app design. Google however announced Material Design Lite in July, which is more suited to websites. Nevertheless, Material Design was intended to provide great UI and UX across devices. Lite uses vanilla CSS, HTML and JavaScript and is intended to make it simple to add the look and feel of Material Design to websites.

Material Design Lite doesn’t rely on any particular framework, so designers can use a wide variety of front-end tools to create their sites. It’s also lightweight when it comes to the code.

5. Responsive Design

Responsive web design has become incredibly popular in recent years thanks to the rise of mobile internet usage.

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Photo credit: UXPin

It’s safe to say responsive design isn’t going anywhere soon, as it represents a relatively simple and cheap way for businesses to build a fully-functional mobile-friendly site. But responsive web design does come with some issues if not carried out properly, the most important being performance.

To ensure that a responsive performs at the peak of its ability, according to Guy’s Pod, designers should:

  1. Avoid using JavaScript and CSS image loading using the display:none tag. This still downloads the image to the device and adds unnecessary weight to a page.
  2. Use responsive images which are defined using a percentage.
  3. Use conditional loading for JavaScript as many of the JavaScript components used on a desktop site will not be used on smaller devices. Pay particular attention to third-party scripts such as those used for social sharing as these often impact negatively and reduce performance.
  4. Use RESS – Responsive and Server Side
  5. Apply performance testing into the process in order to effectively measure and optimize each site.

Performance is important not only to UX, but also to Google in the wake of the Mobile Friendly update which released in April 2015. Responsive web design is also highly compatible with minimalism, thanks to the necessity to keep page weight down. It’s also great to work with cards and responsive design as they can easily restructure in order to fit any breakpoint or screen size (like rearranging rectangular containers of content).

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Photo credit: The Guardian

Responsive web design is becoming less of a trend and more of a best practice. And designers have come up with clever ways to get around any speed issues.

There’s no doubt that responsive design is highly useful and versatile, but it also should be lightning fast in order to deliver a great UX.

6. Flat Isn’t Going Away Anytime Soon

Flat design has been around for a while and is compatible with other trends such as minimalism, responsive web design and Material Design.

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Photo credit: Beoplay via awwwards

Going forward, it’s likely that we’ll see the following further trends in flat design come to the forefront.

  • Long shadows. These bring more depth to flat designs.
  • Vibrant color schemes. Popular UI frameworks and templates have prompted many to begin using more vibrant colors in their designs.
  • Simple typography. Simple typefaces help to ensure that text remains legible and readable in flat design.
  • Ghost buttons. These allow for functionality without distracting from the UX and are often represented as outlined, clickable links that change when the user hovers over them.
  • Minimalism. Looks to cut down on the number of elements in order to create a fresh, uncluttered UI.

Additional Advice on Web Design Trends

Don’t follow trends just because they’re the “hip” thing to do at the moment. Trends represent popular techniques for good reason, but make sure it’s best for your users. For example, an e-commerce site certainly wouldn’t do well as a single-page infinite scrolling site.

Trends are nothing more than additional tools in your designer toolbox. Always pick the right ones for the job.

Sources.

Trend article and info By Jerry Cao at uxpin.com

Article source content from AWWWARDS

UI vs UX source from CareerFoundry.

 

GNU & Exploring the web

20 years ago, Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web.

Tim Berners-Lee portrait with glowing globeWeb 1.0
It is the “readable” phrase of the World Wide Web with flat data. In Web 1.0, there is a limited interaction between sites and web users. Web 1.0 is just seen as an information portal where users passively receive info without being given the opportunity to post reviews, comments, and feedback.

Web 2.0
Is the “writable” phrase of the Web with interactive data. Unlike Web 1.0, Web 2.0 facilitates interaction between web users and sites, so it allows users to interact more freely with each other. Web 2.0 encourages participation, collaboration, and info sharing. Examples of Web 2.0 applications are Youtube, Wiki, Flickr, Facebook, WordPress and so on.

Web 3.0
It is the “executable” phrase of Web with dynamic applications, interactive services, and “machine-to-machine” interaction. Web 3.0 is a semantic web which refers to the future. In Web 3.0, computers can interpret information like humans and intelligently generate and distribute useful content tailored to the needs of users. One example of Web 3.0 is Tivo, a digital video recorder. Its recording program can search the web and read what it finds to you based on your preferences.

 

GNU & Linex

What is GNU? i HAVE NO IDEA!

Well before I can describe what that is I’d just like to briefly go over an operating system that was first used in the tech field & the Web named Linex. I’ll say this, because of Linex we are now able to do so much with Open sourced software, this program revolutionized how coders (hackers who became coders) use apps and sites today.

Before Linex, some dude named Richard Stallman existed, why is this man important? what could he contribute to the open source world? well, if it wasn’t for him we wouldn’t have a lot of the open sourced apps and software we do today. (hint All those cydia users, i’m referring to you. Not one for Apple? How about a Root).GNU

So this is what he did.

The founding father of the free software movement!

This man, along with an entire MIT community of hackers, trendsetted open source, beginning with one person starting something and another person picking up from where that one left off, simply. That way they would share ideas and code to form programs, that is until they were forced into using a passcode, and that’s where they got the idea to use “ENTER”this was just the beginning of Stallman’s problems.

Due to lawsuit battles and goverment demands along with difficulties around the tech industry Stallman had decided to give up the pursue in trying to convince masses of potential solutions to better help the coding community, instead he came up with a his own solution called the GNU’s Not Unix, this spawned similar programs along with software that could run through GNU and revolutionized how applications were engineered. Richard Stallman believed in the principle of freedom, he did not want coders to be divided and controlled by big businesses, instead he wanted to liberate the community and give everyone the ability to create or edit as they saw fit.

Today his philosophy and principles still stand and the fight with free software continues, this seems to be a never ending battle between hackers and big businesses. People always find ways to loopholes in the system regardless of the rules obtained. Richard Stallman was just the guy who thought about universal software as a good thing to help growth in technology. Freelancers and anyone trying to make a living by their own terms greatly benefit because of this man. He is the Guru of free software and his principles today have gotten us so far.